Understanding The Different Types of Spinal Cord Injuries

The spinal cord is a collection of nerves that runs from the bottom of the brain all the way to the back. It consists of 31 pairs of nerves that cover the arms, legs, chest, and abdomen. The spinal cord works hand in hand with the brain in communication with the muscles and causing the movement of the arms and legs. According to the website of Hankey Law Office, injuries in the spinal cord can be extremely debilitating.

Statistics reveal that vehicular accidents account for 36.5% of causes of spinal cord injuries followed by falls at 28.5%. Unlike other organs of the body, the spinal cord is unable to repair itself once damaged. There are two types of spinal cord injuries namely complete or incomplete. Let us differentiate one from the other.

In a complete spinal cord injury, there is a total absence of sensation and muscle function in the body below the level of injury. They often occur at any level of the spinal cord. Meanwhile, incomplete injury is characterized by some function below the injury. Like a complete spinal cord injury, the incomplete one can also happen at any level of the spinal cord.

Spinal cord injuries can have a wide range of symptoms. These signals are unique for each individual and may include the following:

  • Weakness or paralysis of the muscles in the trunk, arms, or legs
  • Absence of feelings in the trunk, arms, or legs
  • Muscle spasticity
  • Problems with breathing
  • Problems with heart rate and blood pressure
  • Problems with digestion
  • Absence of bowel and bladder function
  • Sexual dysfunction

It is worth noting that the symptoms of spinal cord injury are similar to other medical conditions or problems. It is best to always talk with your healthcare provider for diagnosis. The type of injury will determine the rehabilitation potential of the injured person.

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