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Paraplegia and Quadriplegia: Spinal Cord Injuries Due often to Someone Else’s Negligence

Millions of nerve fibers actually make up the spinal cord. These fibers are responsible for transmitting electrical signals to the different parts of the body. Nerves exiting the spinal cord’s upper section, for instance, control the movement of our arms and our breathing; the nerves that exit the mid and lower sections of our back allow us to have on our trunk and legs, sexual function, and bowel and bladder movements. Thus, any damage or harm to the spinal cord (even to the spinal or vertebral column) can cause failure in the transmission of signals from the brain to the parts of the body below the injured area. This can result to paralysis or loss of function on affected parts.

Any form of injury, especially severe injury, to the spinal cord can be devastating due to the very important function it plays. Spinal cord damage can result to partial or total paralysis, depending on how severe the damage is and the specific area affected by the injury. Partial paralysis, or Paraplegia, is loss of control and function on one side of a person’s body. Despite having lost control in the paralyzed area, there is still possibility that he/she would still have sensation, though.

Total paralysis, or Quadriplegia, on the other hand, is total loss of functions and control of body parts. Total paralysis starts from the area of the spinal cord that has been injured down to the rest of the body; this means that the higher the injury, the greater the extent of the paralysis.

A spinal injury can a result of a traumatic or a non-traumatic experience. The causes of a traumatic spinal cord injury include a knife or a gunshot wound that pierces and cuts the nerves in the spinal cord, or a sudden blow that dislocates, fractures or crushes an area of the vertebral column (this forceful, sudden blow can be caused by a car crash). A non-traumatic spinal cord injury, however, can be due to an illness, such as cancer, arthritis, infection, inflammation or disc collapse of the spine.

The Toronto spinal cord injury lawyers of Mazin & Associates know that “Spinal cord injuries almost always result in significant disabilities, making it nearly impossible to live life as planned. Activities such as sports, walking a dog, and other basic life tasks are often no longer possible for those who sustain spinal cord injuries. These injuries can occur for numerous reasons, many of which are caused by major accidents such as car accidents, slip and falls, and sports injuries. Spinal cord injuries are difficult to deal with for everyone involved, and when the accident was not the fault of the injured it is unfair for them to face the consequences alone. Spinal cord injury victims also need a much higher level of support and care, as well as the highest amount of compensation possible, whether it is from the at-fault party or an insurance provider.

Is the Highest Possible Physical, Mental, and Psychosocial Well-Being of all Residents Provided in Nursing Homes?

Nursing homes, also called convalescent homes, are facilities for people, who require extra care, medical attention and assistance (specifically, in the performance of daily activities, such as eating, toileting, bathing and dressing), but who do not need to be in a hospital. To address the various needs of residents, nursing homes should have a registered nurse, a licensed nurse and trained nursing aides who are expected to attain and maintain the highest possible level of physical, mental, and psychosocial well-being of all residents and patients.

In February 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had on record about 15,700 registered nursing home facilities in the U.S. These housed an estimated 1.4 million elder citizens, usually 65 years old or above, children and young adults who are physically or mentally incapacitated, or needing rehabilitative therapies due to an illness or an accident, and those who need extra care, like patients with Alzheimer or Parkinson’s disease.

Nursing homes guarantee provision of the highest level of care; however, beneath the friendly and warm welcome to arriving residents who are accompanied by family members, what is hidden can be painful experiences wrought by abuses and various forms of acts of neglect. Some examples of acts of neglect are non-provision of hygienic care, delay in treating or non-treatment of bedsores, failure to provide needed medical care or attention, denial of food and/or drinking water, delay in providing needed assistance, and so forth.

One must bear in mind that these acts of neglect are committed against individuals who are either too sick or too weak to defend themselves. In relation to this is the necessity to know that abuse or neglect in nursing homes can be a federal offense since both these acts are violations of the mandates of the Nursing Home Reform Act, which requires facilities receiving Medicare and Medicaid funds to provide services and activities that will help attain or maintain the highest possible physical, mental, and psychosocial well-being of all residents in accordance with a written plan of care. This Act also says that residents should be free from corporal punishment, involuntary seclusion and all forms of abuses, including, but not limited to, verbal, physical, mental abuse, and sexual abuse.

You can view more helpful and very informative content about nursing home negligence in this website:

Make Sure You Keep Away from Speeding Drivers

Statistical records from the Traffic Safety Facts of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) show that speeding-related fatalities from 2003 to 2007 averaged to at least 13,400 yearly; from 2008 to 2012, the yearly average was 10,600. Traffic Safety Facts data also shows that about 74% of the 10,219 speeding-related fatalities in 2012 were males aged between 15 and 24, and that 42 percent of all speeding drivers had BACs of .08 g/dL or higher.

The NHTSA considers a crash to be speeding-related if racing, exceeding the posted speed limit, or driving too fast for conditions (or when condition is not totally safe, which is the case when there is road construction going on, mist or fog, or when the road is wet and slippery due to heavy rain or snow) was a contributing factor in the crash.

Speeding increases the chance of an accident and, thus, compromises the safety of others on the road because it:

  • Reduces a driver’s reaction time to danger;
  • Makes slowing down or stopping the vehicle much harder;
  • Lessens a driver’s control over the vehicle and capability to react to whatever road danger he/she may be faced with; and,
  • Makes driver errors much more dangerous and can turn what may only be near misses into fatal crashes and total wrecks.

People who drive at inappropriate and illegal speeds offer these reasons to justify what can only be described as bad road behavior:

  • Trying to be on time for an appointment or for work;
  • The need to stick to schedules;
  • Not being aware of what the speed limit is;
  • Feeling that they are still driving at safe speed even when driving over the speed limit;
  • Keeping up with slower drivers (those who actually observe the speed limit) causes pressure;
  • They will not be caught anyway or, even if they are caught, any damage they may cause will be handled by their insurance provider.
  • They are still in perfect control of their vehicle despite driving too fast

Aside from increasing chances of car accidents, speeding, and more so, excessive speeding (which is driving more than 40 km/h over the speed limit), significantly affects the consequences of car crashes, so that, other than the possibility of causing major damage to properties, greater speeds can also easily result to severe injuries or death.

Though advances in technology and increased awareness of the importance of safety on the roads have reduced the threat posed to public health and safety by car accidents, Tucson car accident attorneys of Russo, Russo & Slania, P.C., say that car accidents still remain to be one of the leading causes of serious injury and wrongful death in the United States each year, and the sad truth is that far too many of these accidents could easily have been prevented.

Speeding is just one of the many causes of car accidents identified by the NHTSA. Other causes include auto defects, reckless driving, road defects and drunk driving, among others. Victims, howefer, shouldn’t have to deal with the repercussions and aftermath of accidents on their own if the accident is due to the reckless acts of someone else. With the help of a skilled lawyer, victims can pursue legal action which may enable them to recover compensatory damages resulting from whatever type of injury they sustain.

Understanding The Different Types of Spinal Cord Injuries

The spinal cord is a collection of nerves that runs from the bottom of the brain all the way to the back. It consists of 31 pairs of nerves that cover the arms, legs, chest, and abdomen. The spinal cord works hand in hand with the brain in communication with the muscles and causing the movement of the arms and legs. According to the website of Hankey Law Office, injuries in the spinal cord can be extremely debilitating.

Statistics reveal that vehicular accidents account for 36.5% of causes of spinal cord injuries followed by falls at 28.5%. Unlike other organs of the body, the spinal cord is unable to repair itself once damaged. There are two types of spinal cord injuries namely complete or incomplete. Let us differentiate one from the other.

In a complete spinal cord injury, there is a total absence of sensation and muscle function in the body below the level of injury. They often occur at any level of the spinal cord. Meanwhile, incomplete injury is characterized by some function below the injury. Like a complete spinal cord injury, the incomplete one can also happen at any level of the spinal cord.

Spinal cord injuries can have a wide range of symptoms. These signals are unique for each individual and may include the following:

  • Weakness or paralysis of the muscles in the trunk, arms, or legs
  • Absence of feelings in the trunk, arms, or legs
  • Muscle spasticity
  • Problems with breathing
  • Problems with heart rate and blood pressure
  • Problems with digestion
  • Absence of bowel and bladder function
  • Sexual dysfunction

It is worth noting that the symptoms of spinal cord injury are similar to other medical conditions or problems. It is best to always talk with your healthcare provider for diagnosis. The type of injury will determine the rehabilitation potential of the injured person.

The Mesothelioma Compensation Trust Fund for Mesothelioma Victims

Mesothelioma is a deadly type of cancer that results from exposure to asbestos, a highly elastic substance that is electricity, chemical, fire and heat resistant. Over the past years, the increasing cases of mesothelioma, in the United States and around the globe, has become an alarming concern.

Mesothelioma becomes manifest only 40 years (or more) after exposure to asbestos. It is during its long latency period, however, when it worsens so that, by the time it becomes diagnosable, it would have already developed into a stage wherein treatment is no longer possible.

In 2002, the number of asbestos claims lawsuits filed numbered to more than 700,000, while the number of companies that were named as defendant reached 8,400. Majority of those who filed lawsuits were already beyond 65 years old, while many of the companies, which exposed claimants to asbestos decades ago, are no longer in operation.

Though already out of business, due mostly to bankruptcy, these companies were required by law to set up funds for the purpose of compensating asbestos victims. This funding is known as Mesothelioma Compensation Trust Fund. Amount of compensation differs from one mesothelioma claim to another. Some victims are paid only a small amount, while others are paid millions of dollars. If computing the right amount of compensation is difficult, so is resolving a case. Thus, it may help victims and/or their families pursue the right amount of compensation the victims are legally entitled to claim if they would seek assistance from mesothelioma lawyers of Williams Kherkher, whose expertise may be prove useful in designing and delivering the argument that may merit the victim the judge’s favor.

Asbestos is special substance that became widely used during the mid of the 20th century. It is usually mixed with other substances to make cement, generators, turbines, boilers, steam pipes, brakes and clutches, insulators, gaskets, hot water piping, furniture, appliances, construction materials and many other different things. Asbestos’ remarkable usefulness made it a substance used in many parts of the globe. Many different types of workers have also been regularly exposed to it, including construction workers, electricians, firefighters, plumbers, processing plant workers, miners, shipyard workers, auto workers, machinists and many others.

It was not until after the 1990s that asbestos was banned, but only in some countries. In 2002 as many as 730,000 filed asbestos-related lawsuits and about 8,400 companies were sued by former employees whose works had direct and regular exposure to asbestos.

Tips On How To Prevent Road Rage

Aggressive driving is one of the major causes of car accident fatalities. It is considered as an unsafe driving behavior that could threaten the safety of other drivers. According to a study by the AAA Foundation, aggressive driving accounted for 56 percent of fatal crashes. Traffic presents drivers with several situations to become frustrated and angry. When they let this anger get the best of them, it becomes road rage and may result to the driver harming other drivers.

It is easy to detect when a driver is exhibiting aggressive behavior on the road. Tailgating, speeding, beating the red light—these are telltale signs of an aggressive driver. The website of Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, LLC reveal that such willful disregard for the safety of others may result to a devastating accident. If you do not keep your emotions in check and get into an argument with the angry driver, you could end up being part of the statistics. Here are some helpful tips on you can prevent road rage:

  1. Don’t offend

If you easily get offended with aggressive behavior, then do not do it. Avoid cutting off other drivers, tailgating, making hand gestures, and other behavior that can easily offend the other driver. You can protect yourself from road rage by simply avoiding these offensive behaviors.

  1. Avoid Engagement

When emotions flare up, chances are the argument can heat up. When you find yourself in this situation, simply avoid the other driver and do not engage them. If you argue with them, it is likely that you can do something that you would regret in the future.

  1. Be Courteous

Another way to prevent road rage is to practice road courtesy. Allowing someone to merge or saying “sorry” when you make a mistake can go a long way in ensuring your safety in the road. Treat other drivers the way you want them to treat you.

Being a responsible driver and respecting others on the road can be your best protection against road rage. Follow these tips and you can look forward to reaching your destination safely.



Speeding – the Third Leading Cause of Fatal Car Crashes

One scary thing about driving is the irresponsibility of many drivers on the road. While behind the wheel, many forget all the training, education and ads that remind them about road traffic rules and safe driving which will help keep them and other motorists safe from risk of an accident.

Car crashes continue to injure millions of drivers, passengers, pedestrians and other road users every year. More than 30,000 also continue to lose their lives in fatal crashes which, if only drivers will be more careful and concerned about safety, could easily be avoided.

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), one major cause of car crashes is speeding. With 33% of all fatal motor vehicle crashes being due to speeding (this translates to about 13,000 lives lost every year), it has now become the third leading cause of accidental death on the road.

Driving at excessive speed or speeding can either mean driving above the set speed limit or driving too fast for certain road conditions, like a wet and slippery road, a road covered in mist or fog, or when there is road construction going on. One alarming thing about speeding, though, is that it is committed most frequently by young drivers – those aged between 17 and 24 years old.

Through a study, it has been revealed that many of those guilty of speeding do not even suppose that driving at fast speed is dangerous; neither do they think that speeding is a serious traffic violation. And while other speedsters may be aware of the risk of accident speeding causes, the excuse they give for their bad road behavior is their being insured anyway so that, in the event of an accident, damages will be taken care of by their insurance providers.

Accidents, however, is much more than just statistical data. Every time one occurs, severe injury or death is always a possible consequence. In the website of the Benton Law firm, a Dallas car accident lawyer explains that victims of car accidents may be entitled to compensation for their injuries. This compensation, which will cover cost of medical treatment, lost wages (or the loss of capability to earn wages), pains and sufferings, may be sought by filing a civil lawsuit against the driver who is at fault in the accident.

Brand Awarness, Do You Have It?

The three I’s of brand awareness.

You may not be in need of a hiking bag at this moment, but you know that certain brands perform better than others. Maybe you don’t plan to buy running shoes at all, but that interesting TV ad you saw the other day makes you feel that it is the only running shoes that matter.

According to the website of FollowUp Power, online customer relationship management solutions, are there to help you streamline your customer’s buying journey. But before thinking about streamlining your business process, you have to make it start first. Awareness is what introduces your product to the buyer; and without it, the whole purchase cycle wouldn’t even start.

But how do you let your potential customers be aware of what you can offer? When promoting brand awareness, consider these three I’s:


Relevance is what engages your potential customers to your product. Offer products and services that actually promise results. Do you expect them to be entertained or to be informed? Do you offer solutions? Make your goals known through your marketing campaign. By then, you are allowing your brand to be known as something that helps.


People seldom search for products or services in Google. More and more people are using their social media as their tool in finding the right goods. This is because they were fed up of all the sales talk. They want connection; they want experience, which social media can provide. So, get your brand a human face and engage with your potential clients with a personal touch.


In any business, your final goal shouldn’t be purchase; it should be loyalty. Also, it is wrong to just make your brand known; you have to make it special. By putting emphasis on customer loyalty, you are ensuring that you are their first choice in every repurchase or upgrade.



Pedestrians and Bicyclists Involved in Car Accidents

Every day we hear about new car accidents that have resulted in a tragic injury or loss. These are not uncommon occurrences, and many seek to avoid these unfortunate scenarios by traveling by foot or by bike. While these are generally safer modes of transportation as they do not require the same speed or heavy machinery associated with car travel, some unfortunately still find themselves in danger. Pedestrians and bicyclists can find themselves in the middle of dangerous car accidents from which they do not have the same protection as the other drivers who have the privilege of being inside a motor vehicle equipped with certain safety features. It is important for pedestrians and cyclist to be aware of the common situations in which this occurs so they can be wary of potentially dangerous drivers and make a point to avoid them.

According to the website of the Sampson Law Firm, “pedestrians and cyclists are at a heightened risk of being hit by a car when drivers: fail to stop at red lights, do not slow or stop at crosswalks, take turns too quickly, or are distracted by phones or other electronic devices.” These activities cause distraction or a lack of caution in drivers that makes them a threat not just to other cars, but to pedestrians and cyclists who may cross their paths.

Car accidents can result in tragic injuries for all parties involved. The most dangerous crashes, at times, are the ones which involve victims who are not in a motor vehicle. Accidents involving pedestrians or cyclists are dangerous, and sometimes unavoidable. However, at times these accidents are due to the negligence or distraction of the driver. In these cases, victims of such an accident may be owed certain damages to cope with the financial burden of resulting injuries.

Common Issues Associated with Cleft Lip and Palate

Birth defects are a prevalent issue in America. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an estimated 120,000 babies are affected by birth defects every year. Among the most common type of birth defects are orofacial clefts. Typically known as cleft lip and cleft palate, these conditions can cause a significant number of issues and complications that parents will need to be prepared for.

Orofacial clefts arise from complications that prevent proper facial development during pregnancy. Typically, these complications happen at around the fourth to seventh week of pregnancy, when a baby’s head and facial features begin to form. In particular, orofacial clefts happen when facial tissues fail to fuse together properly. A baby born with a cleft lip will have a gap on the upper lip that runs up to the base of the nose. With a cleft palate, a baby will have a gap or opening on the roof of the mouth. There are also cases when both complications occur, resulting in both a cleft lip and a cleft palate.

While orofacial clefts can be treated and repaired with surgery, there are still some issues and complications that arise from having to deal with these complicated conditions. These issues are particularly common for infants who might be too young to undergo initial surgery. The most common issue with a cleft lip or cleft palate is difficulty eating and feeding. Children with a cleft lip or palate might have difficulty speaking as well. More serious complications include higher risks for ear infections, hearing loss, and other gum and tooth problems.

The CDC has long been trying to understand the causes of orofacial defects. Research findings show that these complications are typically caused by dietary and environmental factors that affect a woman’s pregnancy. In particular, their data shows that women who smoke are more likely to give birth to a baby with an orofacial cleft. The same data also identifies epilepsy medication taken during pregnancy as a possible cause.

A similar cause was found by a study by the College of Family Physicians of Canada. Their findings drew a correlation between the anti-nausea drug Zofran and the occurrence of birth defects. The Zofran attorneys of William Kherkher say on their website that they are currently investigating several cases that could strengthen these claims.